North Muskegon: A Review

North Muskegon, MI-Cliff Dwellers

Lets visit Chaco Canyon National Historical Park (NW New Mexico) from North Muskegon. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   In addition to natural sandstone reservoirs, precipitation was gathered in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (an intermittently running creek) that cut the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in ponds to which runoff via a system of ditches was channeled. Timber sources essential to build roofs and higher stories were formerly abundant in the canyon but vanished owing to drought or deforestation during the Chacoan fluorescence. As a consequence, Chacoans went 80 kilometers by foot to coniferous woods to the south and west, chopping down trees then peeling and letting them dry for an time that is extended minimize weight before returning to the canyon. This was no feat that is minor that hauling each tree would entail a multi-day travel by a group of people and that throughout 200,000 trees were utilized during the three centuries of building and upkeep associated with the about twelve large house and large kiva sites inside the canyon. Canyon's Designed Landscape. While Chaco Canyon held a high density of unprecedented scale building in the region, the canyon was merely a tiny portion placed at the heart of a wide linked territory that created the Chacoan civilisation. More than 200 settlements with large buildings and large kivas employing the same characteristic brick style and architecture that existed outside of the canyon, although on a lesser scale. Although these sites were most abundant inside the San Juan Basin, they spanned a stretch of the Colorado Plateau greater than England. To help connect these settlements to the canyon and to each other, Chacoans built an road that is complex by digging and leveling the underlying land, sometimes adding clay or stone curbs for support. These roads usually developed in large canyon homes and beyond, extending outward in astonishingly parts that are straight.   Chacoans built ramps or stairs into the walls of cliffs to preserve the straightness of the roadways, even when the steep terrains found in the American Southwest, such as mesas, buttes, and other mountainous landforms, crossed their path. Given the difficulty involved in such an approach and the fact that many roads were not obvious to their destinations, some roads were much wider than needed for foot transit (9 meters wide) it seems likely that these roads played a symbolic or spiritual function, leading pilgrims to other occasions or rites. Certain great houses were put within a line of sight from each other and nearby shrines. This allowed for faster communication and the ability to signal distant places by sunlight reflection or fire. Fajada Butte occupies a dominant position in Chaco Canyon. Aligning roads and structures with the cardinal directions as well as the positions of sun and moon during critical seasons like solstices and equinoxes and lunar standsstills has been a common practice in Chacoan culture. This added structure to the environment. For instance, the wall that is front of Bonito's great house is oriented north-south and east-west, while the actual location of Chetro Ketl is west. Casa Rinconada is a kiva that is grand of meters in diameter, located within the canyon. It has two T-shaped internal doors that are arranged on a north-south line and two external doors that face east. The sun that is rising pass through these doors only when the canyon is available for renovation.

North Muskegon, Michigan is located in Muskegon county, and includes a populace of 3793, and exists within the greater Grand Rapids-Kentwood-Muskegon, MI metro area. The median age is 44.6, with 13.5% regarding the population under ten years old, 11.2% are between 10-19 several years of age, 8.8% of inhabitants in their 20’s, 12.5% in their 30's, 10.5% in their 40’s, 13.7% in their 50’s, 14.8% in their 60’s, 10.4% in their 70’s, and 4.6% age 80 or older. 45.8% of residents are male, 54.2% women. 58.5% of residents are recorded as married married, with 15.1% divorced and 18.9% never wedded. The percentage of men or women confirmed as widowed is 7.5%.

The typical family unit size in North Muskegon, MI is 2.87 family members members, with 84.6% being the owner of their particular residences. The mean home cost is $156905. For those people paying rent, they pay an average of $844 per month. 49.2% of households have dual sources of income, and a median household income of $71100. Median income is $40318. 8.1% of town residents exist at or beneath the poverty line, and 14.8% are disabled. 9.9% of residents of the town are veterans associated with the military.

The labor force participation rate in North Muskegon is 58.6%, with an unemployment rate of 4.9%. For anyone located in the labor force, the common commute time is 20.3 minutes. 17.6% of North Muskegon’s community have a masters degree, and 29.2% have earned a bachelors degree. For many without a college degree, 36.8% attended at least some college, 14.8% have a high school diploma, and only 1.6% have received an education less than high school. 1.8% are not included in health insurance.